Survey Ranks Obama 15th Best President, Bush Among Worst

President Obama ranks 15th out of 44 in a poll of the best and worst presidents while former President George W. Bush earns a place in the bottom five, according to the Siena College Research Institute's recent survey of 238 presidential scholars released Thursday.

Obama secured a top ten place in two skill set categories, communication ability (7th) and ability to compromise (10th), and in two personality trait categories, imagination (6th) and intelligence (8th). Background, described as family, education, and experience, proved his lowest score at 32nd.

This is the 5th time the institute has conducted the survey of U.S. presidents, which is done a year after a new president takes office. The inaugural survey in 1982 ranked then-President Ronald Reagan at 16th. "Obviously, there's not great validity to it since they've only been in office for one year," says the survey's co-director and statistician Douglas Lonnstrom. "But it's a benchmark for us to see how they move."

President tend to rank around 20th while they are in office, and Obama is no exception. His actions over the next few years will decide if he stays roughly the same like Reagan—who moved from 16th to 20th, 22nd, 16th again, and finally to 18th this year—or like Bush, who fell a dramatic 16 slots in the first poll after he left office, from 23rd to 39th.

Bush made the top twenty in only two categories, luck (18th) and willingness to take risks (19th), and he sits in the bottom five in 12 of the 20 categories, notably 42nd in intelligence, foreign policy accomplishments, and communication ability. Lonnstrom points out the unpopular former president has time on his side, explaining it takes four or five decades to know a president's true worth. "Right now there's a lot of emotion about Bush," he says. "Time passes and people become more objective, and so we'll see."

Franklin D. Roosevelt has held his title as top president since 1982 with the same four following to round out the consistent top five: Theodore Roosevelt, Abraham Lincoln, George Washington, and Thomas Jefferson.

Joining Bush in the bottom five this year are Franklin Pierce, Warren G. Harding, James Buchanan, and Andrew Johnson, who is at the very bottom for the second year in a row.

The survey, which ranks presidents using 20 different factors, shows Jefferson was the most intelligent president, Richard Nixon was the worst at integrity and avoiding crucial mistakes, Lincoln had the best overall ability, and Washington was the best leader.

Here's the full list*:

1. Franklin D. Roosevelt

2. Theodore Roosevelt

3. Abraham Lincoln

4. George Washington

5. Thomas Jefferson

6. James Madison

7. James Monroe

8. Woodrow Wilson

9. Harry Truman

10. Dwight D. Eisenhower

11. John F. Kennedy

12. James K. Polk

13. William Clinton

14. Andrew Jackson

15. Barack Obama

16. Lyndon B. Johnson

17. John Adams

18. Ronald Reagan

19. John Quincy Adams

20. Grover Cleveland

21. William McKinley

22. George H. W. Bush

23. Martin Van Buren

24. William Howard Taft

25. Chester Arthur

26. Ulysses S. Grant

27. James Garfield

28. Gerald Ford

29. Calvin Coolidge

30. Richard Nixon

31. Rutherford B. Hayes

32. James Carter

33. Zachary Taylor

34. Benjamin Harrison

35. William Henry Harrison

36. Herbert Hoover

37. John Tyler

38. Millard Fillmore

39. George W. Bush

40. Franklin Pierce

41. Warren G. Harding

42. James Buchanan

43. Andrew Johnson

*There are only 43 ranking slots since Grover Cleveland was both the 22nd and 24th president; he left the White House only to return four years later for his second term.

USDA soybean conditions: maize, dip slightly

Weather variables were farmers on Tuesday whether USDA crop developments of the beginning of a downward trend or just a bathroom can be in seasonal conditions.

Weekly report Tuesday, delayed the USDA - a day by Holiday Independence Day early this week - shows the two conditions, corn and soybeans declined slightly from the previous week. At 71% and 66% good to very good, or for both corn and soybeans slipped, but the number of corn is only 2% less than a week ago, and the number of soybean is only 1% less than last week.

Much of the slight decrease can be attributed to excess moisture, some farmers say. But fear is a look at the weather forecast for next week about the cause of others, that the opposite problem - a weather watchers have announced for the month show up - the biggest threat to "at the end of this month.

From about 14th July show a strong time of 95-97 degrees. This is all the corn and are pollinated by then? "Application needaspray Marketing Talk members in a recent forum, added that on his farm in the Bootheel of Missouri, heavy rains are needed and dry conditions were" absolutely hell "last month.

Too much moisture, which is the basis of weather conditions in most areas such as Eastern Iowa, where the Marketing Talk member Jim Meade / Iowa City, said even if the temperature was hovering over the 10 days, the corn in the region should fare okay.

"Do not worry too dry for most of Iowa, we're awfully wet. The time for money is not provided for the pollination and here," he said, adding that as more "odd points in the areas of the surface normal, probably due to heavy rains at the beginning of the season. "I would say we are going on pollination in good form in Eastern Iowa.

Although some long-term forecasts call for the heat and dryness of the second half of July in much of the Corn Belt, this trend will not be in the cards for the next week to 10 days, said Charlie Freese Notis Notis de-Weather, Inc. Des Moines, Iowa. The temperatures will rise, but not without a little rain.

"Chances of rain will be on the increase in the eastern Corn Belt for later Thursday and Friday, and for the right to Delta on Saturday. Sunday / Monday in the next few weeks should be the one that another threat of rain for much of the nation brings middle be. Of course, this is not a "dry" for a planned middle part of the nation over the next 10 days, it's only a matter of getting used to rain in areas that need it most, "Notis said Tuesday." He remains in the the eastern half or one third of the Corn Belt warm with values up Thursday in the low to mid 90s, but will cost even more for Friday and no heat during the remaining 10 expected the predicted days. "

Market reaction

Shawn McCambridge, Prudential Bache Commodities LLC, said the trade not surprised scoring corn this week would be. "I do not. Most dealers have searched for a decline of 2.1 point. Look scattered, especially in the condition of crops over the Corn Belt, are known. Furthermore, it is to see a seasonal trend, the conditions of a low drift of this time of the year. "

McCambridge added: "There are problem areas. But we see good marks for this time of year, is primarily in the pollination period.

View from the failure of the state said, there are some pretty decent drops McCambridge. "Missouri and North Carolina who is trailing behind other states this year. Note culture of Pennsylvania in serious decline. Indiana might move a little to reinforce his opinion," said McCambridge.

For soybeans, the chances are very good for this time of year. "But we have to wait until we get closer to August. Until we enter this critical time for the harvest of the report? T, she said for corn."

Meanwhile, Jason Ward, Northstar Commodity Investment Co., says this culture is now exactly the same as estimated a year ago. "A year ago the yield of maize was expected in the report of July WASD 153.5 bushels per acre and 42.6 bushels of soybeans per acre."

Ward adds: "Therefore, this report Friday wasd not expected to increase a yield of corn or soybeans, since ratings are unchanged from the previous year."

Research on Advanced Treatment of Coking Wastewater by Coagulation and Adsorbtion

In order to solve the problem that the CODcr and colour in secondary effluent of coking wastewate did not meet discharge standard, coking wastewate from secondary effluent by coagulants of PAC,PFS,FeSO4 and active carbon advanced treatment were investigated. The optimum experiment condition such as pH value,coagulation dosage was confirmed.It was found the CODcr removal was better by FeSO4 than by PAC or PFS.But the colour can be removed better by PAC. Coagulation effluent was treated by active carbon. The results show that the CODcr removal stabilized at around 58% and the CODcr was less than 50mg/L in 30 min by active carbon absorbed,when active carbon dosage was more than 15g/L.The colour removal reached 62.5% and the colority dropped less than 30 times when active carbon dosage was 10~15g/L.Therefore, the eventual effluent can reach first class  national discharge standard.
inorganic fertilizers